Saints in Review
born about 1170 in
The example of such parents had a profound effect on their children who became known for their sanctity. Antonio, the eldest became a priest and, having distributed his wealth to the poor, entered a hospital where he spent his life ministering to the sick. The other brother, Manes, following in the footsteps of Dominic, became a Friar Preacher and later was beatified by Pope Gregory XVI.
seventh to his fourteenth year, Dominic pursued his elementary
studies under the tutelage of his maternal uncle, the archpriest of
Gumiel d’lzan, not far from Calaroga. Then in 1184 Dominic entered
was still a student at
In 1203, the King of Castile asked Don Diego, Bishop of Osma, and Dominic to escort the daughter of a Danish prince as a bride for his son, Prince Ferdinand. While on the trip, they were amazed and saddened at the spiritual ruin being caused by the Albigensian heresy. It was in contemplation of this scene that Dominic first conceived the idea of founding an order for the purpose of combating heresy and spreading the Gospel to the ends of the world.
Their mission was brought to a sudden close when the betrothed princess unexpectedly died.
In 1204 Don
Diego and Dominic went to
The Cistercians, on account of their worldly manner of living, had made little or no headway against the Albigenses. Dominic quickly saw the failure and convinced them to adopt a more pious manner of life, which soon led to increased numbers of converts.
Dominic and his
companion lost no time in challenging their opponents in theological
debates. The training Dominic received at
Early in his apostolate around Prouille, Dominic realized the necessity of an institution that would protect women of that country from the influence of the heretics, as many had embraced Albigensianism and were erecting convents so they could teach this heresy to the children of the Catholic nobility.
In 1206, the
Bishop of Toulouse permitted the establishment of a convent at
Prouille. To this community and soon afterwards to one in
The year 1208 was to be a very important year in the life of Dominic. First, it was during a three-day prayer and fasting exercise in atonement for the heresies of the Albigenses that the Blessed Mother appeared to Dominic and instructed him in how She wished for people to pray Her Rosary while meditating on the fifteen mysteries in the life Jesus and Mary.
period Dominic followed the Catholic army, reviving religion and
reconciling heretics that surrendered to victorious de Montfort. It
was probably on
The influence of Dominic’s preaching and holiness led a small band of devoted disciples to follow wherever he might lead. Never forgetting his goal of founding a religious order to combat heresy and propagate religious truth, on April 25, 1215 Dominic received the approval of the Bishop of Toulouse to start the first convent of the Order of Preachers. Then in July of 1215 the bishop canonically established the community as a religious congregation of his diocese.
In November of
1215, an ecumenical council was to meet in
the following Lent preaching in various churches in
At the invitation of Honorius, Dominic began the somewhat difficult task of restoring the pristine observance of religious discipline among the various Roman communities of women. This was accomplished in comparatively short time to the great satisfaction of the pope.
his training at the
The life of
Dominic was one of tireless effort in the service of God. If he
hated heresy and labored for its extinction, it was because he loved
truth and loved souls. He never failed to distinguish between the
sin and the sinner. Brother Dominic died
the Bull of canonization on
“Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.” —1 Corinthians 3:16-17
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